China and Taiwan


The long standing and intricate tensions between China and Taiwan have become an increasingly important subject of international dialogue. The crux of the issue lies in their respective perspectives on sovereignty: while China asserts its claim over Taiwan as an integral part of its territory, Taiwan regards itself as a fully independent entity, separate from the mainland. The discord between these two viewpoints has given rise to conflict and friction that has spanned many decades. The rising temperature of this conflict, particularly in recent years, has made it imperative to understand the current state of affairs. Here’s a comprehensive guide to facilitate a more profound understanding of the situation.

The Lingering Shadow of Invasion

The fear of a potential invasion by China has been a longstanding worry for Taiwan. From China’s perspective, Taiwan remains a breakaway province, and the option of using military force to reincorporate Taiwan into China’s national fold has never been categorically dismissed. In recent years, the increased military presence of China in the Taiwan Strait has exacerbated concerns within Taiwan’s government. The ominous threat of a hostile takeover is perpetually present, compelling Taiwan to perpetually strategize and prepare for such a predicament.

The Strategy of Defending Taiwan

Taiwan’s defensive strategy against a potential Chinese incursion is a multifaceted approach. It comprises three core elements: deterrence, defense, and asymmetric warfare.

Deterrence hinges on the fundamental principle of convincing China that an aggressive stance towards Taiwan would entail a high cost, thus making them reconsider the feasibility of an invasion. It aims at developing and demonstrating capabilities that could impose significant costs on China in terms of human, economic, and political capital, effectively deterring any aggressive advances.

Defense concentrates on fortifying Taiwan’s military capabilities and enhancing its infrastructure. This is designed to increase the difficulty and thus the cost of a potential Chinese invasion, thereby serving as a further deterrent. Upgrades in technology, manpower, training, and military assets form the backbone of this defensive strategy.

Asymmetric warfare is the third pillar of Taiwan’s defense strategy, which involves employing unconventional tactics to counteract China’s superior military strength. Taiwan understands that a head-on collision with the might of the Chinese military is not a viable option. Thus, it seeks to utilize its geographic advantages and engage in guerrilla warfare tactics to resist Chinese military operations.

The Dichotomy of Alarm and Complacency

Despite the tangible menace of an invasion, many residents of Taiwan demonstrate a surprising calm, dismissing the escalating tension and military exercises in their proximity. For them, life persists in its usual rhythm, marked by an adaptation to living under the perpetual threat of an invasion. Nonetheless, this apparent nonchalance does not extend to the Taiwanese authorities, who perceive the threat as acute and real. They are acutely aware of the potential severity of the situation and are taking considerable steps to guarantee Taiwan’s security.


The relationship between China and Taiwan is inherently complex and fraught with tension. Taiwan’s apprehensions about the threat of invasion are well-founded, prompting defensive strategies and preparations. While a segment of the Taiwanese populace may downplay the escalating tensions, the authorities remain vigilant and proactive, preparing for any possible eventuality. Only the passage of time will reveal whether a peaceful resolution to this protracted discord is achievable. Ultimately, the situation continues to be fluid and evolving, warranting continual close observation.

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